The Diamond Lens


From a very early period of my life the entire bent of my inclinations

had been towards microscopic investigations. When I was not more than

ten years old, a distant relative of our family, hoping to astonish my

inexperience, constructed a simple microscope for me, by drilling in a

disk of copper a small hole, in which a drop of pure water was

sustained by capillary attraction. This very primitive apparatus,

some fifty diameters, presented, it is true, only indistinct

and imperfect forms, but still sufficiently wonderful to work up my

imagination to a preternatural state of excitement.

Seeing me so interested in this rude instrument, my cousin explained to

me all that he knew about the principles of the microscope, related to

me a few of the wonders which had been accomplished through its agency,

and ended by promising to send me one regularly constructed,

immediately on his return to the city. I counted the days, the hours,

the minutes, that intervened between that promise and his departure.

Meantime I was not idle. Every transparent substance that bore the

remotest resemblance to a lens I eagerly seized upon, and employed in

vain attempts to realize that instrument, the theory of whose

construction I as yet only vaguely comprehended. All panes of glass

containing those oblate spheroidal knots familiarly known as

"bull's-eyes" were ruthlessly destroyed, in the hope of obtaining

lenses of marvelous power. I even went so far as to extract the

crystalline humour from the eyes of fishes and animals, and endeavored

to press it into the microscopic service. I plead guilty to having

stolen the glasses from my Aunt Agatha's spectacles, with a dim idea of

grinding them into lenses of wondrous magnifying properties,--in which

attempt it is scarcely necessary to say that I totally failed.

At last the promised instrument came. It was of that order known as

Field's simple microscope, and had cost perhaps about fifteen dollars.

As far as educational purposes went, a better apparatus could not have

been selected. Accompanying it was a small treatise on the

microscope,--its history, uses, and discoveries. I comprehended then

for the first time the "Arabian Nights' Entertainments." The dull veil

of ordinary existence that hung across the world seemed suddenly to

roll away, and to lay bare a land of enchantments. I felt towards my

companions as the seer might feel towards the ordinary masses of men. I

held conversations with nature in a tongue which they could not

understand. I was in daily communication with living wonders, such as

they never imagined in their wildest visions. I penetrated beyond the

external portal of things, and roamed through the sanctuaries. Where

they beheld only a drop of rain slowly rolling down the window-glass, I

saw a universe of beings animated with all the passions common to

physical life, and convulsing their minute sphere with struggles as

fierce and protracted as those of men. In the common spots of mould,

which my mother, good housekeeper that she was, fiercely scooped away

from her jam pots, there abode for me, under the name of mildew,

enchanted gardens, filled with dells and avenues of the densest foliage

and most astonishing verdure, while from the fantastic boughs of these

microscopic forests, hung strange fruits glittering with green, and

silver, and gold.

It was no scientific thirst that at this time filled my mind. It was

the pure enjoyment of a poet to whom a world of wonders has been

disclosed. I talked of my solitary pleasures to none. Alone with my

microscope, I dimmed my sight, day after day and night after night,

poring over the marvels which it unfolded to me. I was like one who,

having discovered the ancient Eden still existing in all its primitive

glory, should resolve to enjoy it in solitude, and never betray to

mortal the secret of its locality. The rod of my life was bent at this

moment. I destined myself to be a microscopist.

Of course, like every novice, I fancied myself a discoverer. I was

ignorant at the time of the thousands of acute intellects engaged in

the same pursuit as myself, and with the advantage of instruments a

thousand times more powerful than mine. The names of Leeuwenhoek,

Williamson, Spencer, Ehrenberg, Schmaltz, Dujardin, Staccato, and

Schlseiden were then entirely unknown to me, or if known, I was

ignorant of their patient and wonderful researches. In every fresh

specimen of cryptogamic which I placed beneath my instrument I believed

that I discovered wonders of which the world was as yet ignorant. I

remember well the thrill of delight and admiration that shot through me

the first time that I discovered the common wheel animalcule (Rotifera

vulgaris) expanding and contracting its flexible spokes, and seemingly

rotating through the water. Alas! as I grew older, and obtained some

works treating of my favorite study, I found that I was only on the

threshold of a science to the investigation of which some of the

greatest men of the age were devoting their lives and intellects.

As I grew up, my parents, who saw but little likelihood of anything

practical resulting from the examination of bits of moss and drops of

water through a brass tube and a piece of glass, were anxious that I

should choose a profession. It was their desire that I should enter the

counting-house of my uncle, Ethan Blake, a prosperous merchant, who

carried on business in New York. This suggestion I decisively combated.

I had no taste for trade; I should only make a failure; in short, I

refused to become a merchant.

But it was necessary for me to select some pursuit. My parents were

staid New England people, who insisted on the necessity of labour; and

therefore, although, thanks to the bequest of my poor Aunt Agatha, I

should, on coming of age, inherit a small fortune sufficient to place

me above want, it was decided that, instead of waiting for this, I

should act the nobler part, and employ the intervening years in

rendering myself independent.

After much cogitation I complied with the wishes of my family, and

selected a profession. I determined to study medicine at the New York

Academy. This disposition of my future suited me. A removal from my

relatives would enable me to dispose of my time as I pleased without

fear of detection. As long as I paid my Academy fees, I might shirk

attending the lectures if I chose; and, as I never had the remotest

intention of standing an examination, there was no danger of my being

"plucked." Besides, a metropolis was the place for me. There I could

obtain excellent instruments, the newest publications, intimacy with

men of pursuits kindred with my own,--in short, all things necessary to

insure a profitable devotion of my life to my beloved science. I had an

abundance of money, few desires that were not bounded by my

illuminating mirror on one side and my object-glass on the other; what,

therefore, was to prevent my becoming an illustrious investigator of

the veiled worlds? It was with the most buoyant hope that I left my New

England home and established myself in New York.

My first step, of course, was to find suitable apartments. These I

obtained, after a couple of days' search, in Fourth Avenue; a very

pretty second-floor unfurnished, containing sitting-room, bedroom, and

a smaller apartment which I intended to fit up as a laboratory. I

furnished my lodgings simply, but rather elegantly, and then devoted

all my energies to the adornment of the temple of my worship. I visited

Pike, the celebrated optician, and passed in review his splendid

collection of microscopes,--Field's Compound, Hingham's, Spencer's,

Nachet's Binocular (that founded on the principles of the stereoscope),

and at length fixed upon that form known as Spencer's Trunnion

Microscope, as combining the greatest number of improvements with an

almost perfect freedom from tremor. Along with this I purchased every

possible accessory,--draw-tubes, micrometers, a camera-lucida,

lever-stage, acromatic condensers, white cloud illuminators, prisms,

parabolic condensers, polarizing apparatus, forceps, aquatic boxes,

fishing-tubes, with a host of other articles, all of which would have

been useful in the hands of an experienced microscopist, but, as I

afterwards discovered, were not of the slightest present value to me.

It takes years of practice to know how to use a complicated microscope.

The optician looked suspiciously at me as I made these wholesale

purchases. He evidently was uncertain whether to set me down as some

scientific celebrity or a madman. I think he inclined to the latter

belief. I suppose I was mad. Every great genius is mad upon the subject

in which he is greatest. The unsuccessful madman is disgraced and

called a lunatic.

Mad or not, I set myself to work with a zeal which few scientific

students have ever equalled. I had everything to learn relative to the

delicate study upon which I had embarked,--a study involving the most

earnest patience, the most rigid analytic powers, the steadiest hand,

the most untiring eyes, the most refined and subtile manipulation.

For a long time half my apparatus lay inactively on the shelves of my

laboratory, which was now most amply furnished with every possible

contrivance for facilitating my investigations. The fact was that I did

not know how to use some of my scientific implements,--never having

been taught microscopic,--and those whose use I understood

theoretically were of little avail, until by practice I could attain

the necessary delicacy of handling. Still, such was the fury of my

ambition, such the untiring perseverance of my experiments, that,

difficult of credit as it may be, in the course of one year I became

theoretically and practically an accomplished microscopist.

During this period of my labours, in which I submitted specimens of

every substance that came under my observation to the action of my

lenses, I became a discoverer--in a small way, it is true, for I was

very young, but still a discoverer. It was I who destroyed Ehrenberg's

theory that the Volvox globator was an animal, and proved that his

"nomads" with stomachs and eyes were merely phases of the formation of

a vegetable cell, and were, when they reached their mature state,

incapable of the act of conjugation, or any true generative act,

without which no organism rising to any stage of life higher than

vegetable can be said to be complete. It was I who resolved the

singular problem of rotation in the cells and hairs of plants into

ciliary attraction, in spite of the assertions of Mr. Wenham and

others, that my explanation was the result of an optical illusion.

But notwithstanding these discoveries, laboriously and painfully made

as they were, I felt horribly dissatisfied. At every step I found

myself stopped by the imperfections of my instruments. Like all active

microscopists, I gave my imagination full play. Indeed, it is a common

complaint against many such, that they supply the defects of their

instruments with the creations of their brains. I imagined depths

beyond depths in nature which the limited power of my lenses prohibited

me from exploring. I lay awake at night constructing imaginary

microscopes of immeasurable power, with which I seemed to pierce

through the envelopes of matter down to its original atom. How I cursed

those imperfect mediums which necessity through ignorance compelled me

to use! How I longed to discover the secret of some perfect lens, whose

magnifying power should be limited only by the resolvability of the

object, and which at the same time should be free from spherical and

chromatic aberrations, in short from all the obstacles over which the

poor microscopist finds himself continually stumbling! I felt convinced

that the simple microscope, composed of a single lens of such vast yet

perfect power was possible of construction. To attempt to bring the

compound microscope up to such a pitch would have been commencing at

the wrong end; this latter being simply a partially successful endeavor

to remedy those very defects of the simple instrument which, if

conquered, would leave nothing to be desired.

It was in this mood of mind that I became a constructive microscopist.

After another year passed in this new pursuit, experimenting on every

imaginable substance,--glass, gems, flints, crystals, artificial

crystals formed of the alloy of various vitreous materials,--in short,

having constructed as many varieties of lenses as Argus had eyes, I

found myself precisely where I started, with nothing gained save an

extensive knowledge of glass-making. I was almost dead with despair. My

parents were surprised at my apparent want of progress in my medical

studies (I had not attended one lecture since my arrival in the city),

and the expenses of my mad pursuit had been so great as to embarrass me

very seriously.

I was in this frame of mind one day, experimenting in my laboratory on

a small diamond,--that stone, from its great refracting power, having

always occupied my attention more than any other,--when a young

Frenchman, who lived on the floor above me, and who was in the habit of

occasionally visiting me, entered the room.

I think that Jules Simon was a Jew. He had many traits of the Hebrew

character: a love of jewelry, of dress, and of good living. There was

something mysterious about him. He always had something to sell, and

yet went into excellent society. When I say sell, I should perhaps have

said peddle; for his operations were generally confined to the disposal

of single articles,--a picture, for instance, or a rare carving in

ivory, or a pair of duelling-pistols, or the dress of a Mexican

caballero. When I was first furnishing my rooms, he paid me a visit,

which ended in my purchasing an antique silver lamp, which he assured

me was a Cellini,--it was handsome enough even for that, and some other

knickknacks for my sitting-room. Why Simon should pursue this petty

trade I never could imagine. He apparently had plenty of money, and had

the entree of the best houses in the city,--taking care, however, I

suppose, to drive no bargains within the enchanted circle of the Upper

Ten. I came at length to the conclusion that this peddling was but a

mask to cover some greater object, and even went so far as to believe

my young acquaintance to be implicated in the slave-trade. That,

however, was none of my affair.

On the present occasion, Simon entered my room in a state of

considerable excitement.

"Ah! mon ami!" he cried, before I could even offer him the ordinary

salutation, "it has occurred to me to be the witness of the most

astonishing things in the world. I promenade myself to the house of

Madame ----. How does the little animal--le renard--name himself in

the Latin?"

"Vulvas," I answered.

"Ah! yes,--Vulvas. I promenade myself to the house of Madame Vulvas."

"The spirit medium?"

"Yes, the great medium. Great heavens! what a woman! I write on a slip

of paper many of questions concerning affairs the most secret,--affairs

that conceal themselves in the abysses of my heart the most profound;

and behold! by example! what occurs? This devil of a woman makes me

replies the most truthful to all of them. She talks to me of things

that I do not love to talk of to myself. What am I to think? I am fixed

to the earth!"

"Am I to understand you, M. Simon, that this Mrs. Vulvas replied to

questions secretly written by you, which questions related to events

known only to yourself?"

"Ah! more than that, more than that," he answered, with an air of some

alarm. "She related to me things--But," he added, after a pause, and

suddenly changing his manner, "why occupy ourselves with these follies?

It was all the biology, without doubt. It goes without saying that it

has not my credence.--But why are we here, mon ami? It has occurred

to me to discover the most beautiful thing as you can imagine,--a vase

with green lizards on it, composed by the great Bernard Palissy. It is

in my apartment; let us mount. I go to show it to you."

I followed Simon mechanically; but my thoughts were far from Palissy

and his enamelled ware, although I, like him, was seeking in the dark a

great discovery. This casual mention of the spiritualist, Madame

Vulpes, set me on a new track. What if this spiritualism should be

really a great fact? What if, through communication with more subtile

organisms than my own, I could reach at a single bound the goal, which

perhaps a life of agonizing mental toil would never enable me to


While purchasing the Palissy vase from my friend Simon, I was mentally

arranging a visit to Madame Vulpes.

Two evenings after this, thanks to an arrangement by letter and the

promise of an ample fee, I found Madame Vulpes awaiting me at her

residence alone. She was a coarse-featured woman, with keen and rather

cruel dark eyes, and an exceedingly sensual expression about her mouth

and under jaw. She received me in perfect silence, in an apartment on

the ground floor, very sparely furnished. In the centre of the room,

close to where Mrs. Vulpes sat, there was a common round mahogany

table. If I had come for the purpose of sweeping her chimney, the woman

could not have looked more indifferent to my appearance. There was no

attempt to inspire the visitor with awe. Everything bore a simple and

practical aspect. This intercourse with the spiritual world was

evidently as familiar an occupation with Mrs. Vulpes as eating her

dinner or riding in an omnibus.

"You come for a communication, Mr. Linley?" said the medium, in a dry,

business-like tone of voice.

"By appointment,--yes."

"What sort of communication do you want--a written one?"

"Yes--I wish for a written one."

"From any particular spirit?"


"Have you ever known this spirit on this earth?"

"Never. He died long before I was born. I wish merely to obtain from

him some information which he ought to be able to give better than any


"Will you seat yourself at the table, Mr. Linley," said the medium,

"and place your hands upon it?"

I obeyed,--Mrs. Vulpes being seated opposite to me, with her hands also

on the table. We remained thus for about a minute and a half, when a

violent succession of raps came on the table, on the back of my chair,

on the floor immediately under my feet, and even on the window-panes.

Mrs. Vulpes smiled composedly.

"They are very strong to-night," she remarked. "You are fortunate." She

then continued, "Will the spirits communicate with this gentleman?"

Vigorous affirmative.

"Will the particular spirit he desires to speak with communicate?"

A very confused rapping followed this question.

"I know what they mean," said Mrs. Vulpes, addressing herself to me;

"they wish you to write down the name of the particular spirit that you

desire to converse with. Is that so?" she added, speaking to her

invisible guests.

That it was so was evident from the numerous affirmatory responses.

While this was going on, I tore a slip from my pocket-book, and

scribbled a name, under the table.

"Will this spirit communicate in writing with this gentleman?" asked

the medium once more.

After a moment's pause, her hand seemed to be seized with a violent

tremour, shaking so forcibly that the table vibrated. She said that a

spirit had seized her hand and would write. I handed her some sheets of

paper that were on the table, and a pencil. The latter she held loosely

in her hand, which presently began to move over the paper with a

singular and seemingly involuntary motion. After a few moments had

elapsed, she handed me the paper, on which I found written, in a large,

uncultivated hand, the words, "He is not here, but has been sent for."

A pause of a minute or so now ensued, during which Mrs. Vulpes remained

perfectly silent, but the raps continued at regular intervals. When the

short period I mention had elapsed, the hand of the medium was again

seized with its convulsive tremour, and she wrote, under this strange

influence, a few words on the paper, which she handed to me. They were

as follows:--

"I am here. Question me. Leeuwenhoek."

I was astounded. The name was identical with that I had written beneath

the table, and carefully kept concealed. Neither was it at all probable

that an uncultivated woman like Mrs. Vulpes should know even the name

of the great father of microscopics. It may have been biology; but this

theory was soon doomed to be destroyed. I wrote on my slip--still

concealing it from Mrs. Vulpes--a series of questions, which, to avoid

tediousness, I shall place with the responses, in the order in which

they occurred:--

I.--Can the microscope be brought to perfection?


I.--Am I destined to accomplish this great task?

Spirit.--You are.

I.--I wish to know how to proceed to attain this end. For the love

which you bear to science, help me!

Spirit.--A diamond of one hundred and forty carats, submitted to

electro-magnetic currents for a long period, will experience a

rearrangement of its atoms inter se, and from that stone you will

form the universal lens.

I.--Will great discoveries result from the use of such a lens?

Spirit.--So great that all that has gone before is as nothing.

I.--But the refractive power of the diamond is so immense, that the

image will be formed within the lens. How is that difficulty to be


Spirit.--Pierce the lens through its axis, and the difficulty is

obviated. The image will be formed in the pierced space, which will

itself serve as a tube to look through. Now I am called. Good-night.

I cannot at all describe the effect that these extraordinary

communications had upon me. I felt completely bewildered. No biological

theory could account for the discovery of the lens. The medium might,

by means of biological rapport with my mind, have gone so far as to

read my questions, and reply to them coherently. But biology could not

enable her to discover that magnetic currents would so alter the

crystals of the diamond as to remedy its previous defects, and admit of

its being polished into a perfect lens. Some such theory may have

passed through my head, it is true; but if so, I had forgotten it. In

my excited condition of mind there was no course left but to become a

convert, and it was in a state of the most painful nervous exaltation

that I left the medium's house that evening. She accompanied me to the

door, hoping that I was satisfied. The raps followed us as we went

through the hall, sounding on the balusters, the flooring, and even the

lintels of the door. I hastily expressed my satisfaction, and escaped

hurriedly into the cool night air. I walked home with but one thought

possessing me,--how to obtain a diamond of the immense size required.

My entire means multiplied a hundred times over would have been

inadequate to its purchase. Besides, such stones are rare, and become

historical. I could find such only in the regalia of Eastern or

European monarchs.

There was a light in Simon's room as I entered my house. A vague

impulse urged me to visit him. As I opened the door of his sitting-room

unannounced, he was bending, with his back toward me, over a carcel

lamp, apparently engaged in minutely examining some object which he

held in his hands. As I entered, he started suddenly, thrust his hand

into his breast pocket, and turned to me with a face crimson with


"What!" I cried, "poring over the miniature of some fair lady? Well,

don't blush so much; I won't ask to see it."

Simon laughed awkwardly enough, but made none of the negative

protestations usual on such occasions. He asked me to take a seat.

"Simon," said I, "I have just come from Madame Vulpes."

This time Simon turned as white as a sheet, and seemed stupefied, as if

a sudden electric shock had smitten him. He babbled some incoherent

words, and went hastily to a small closet where he usually kept his

liquors. Although astonished at his emotion, I was too preoccupied with

my own idea to pay much attention to anything else.

"You say truly when you call Madame Vulpes a devil of a woman," I

continued. "Simon, she told me wonderful things to-night, or rather was

the means of telling me wonderful things. Ah! if I could only get a

diamond that weighed one hundred and forty carats!"

Scarcely had the sigh with which I uttered this desire died upon my

lips, when Simon, with the aspect of a wild beast, glared at me

savagely, and, rushing to the mantelpiece, where some foreign weapons

hung on the wall, caught up a Malay creese, and brandished it furiously

before him.

"No!" he cried in French, into which he always broke when excited. "No!

you shall not have it! You are perfidious! You have consulted with that

demon, and desire my treasure! But I will die first! Me! I am brave!

You cannot make me fear!"

All this, uttered in a loud voice trembling with excitement, astounded

me. I saw at a glance that I had accidentally trodden upon the edges of

Simon's secret, whatever it was. It was necessary to reassure him.

"My dear Simon," I said, "I am entirely at a loss to know what you

mean. I went to Madame Vulpes to consult with her on a scientific

problem, to the solution of which I discovered that a diamond of the

size I just mentioned was necessary. You were never alluded to during

the evening, nor, so far as I was concerned, even thought of. What can

be the meaning of this outburst? If you happen to have a set of

valuable diamonds in your possession, you need fear nothing from me.

The diamond which I require you could not possess; or, if you did

possess it, you would not be living here."

Something in my tone must have completely reassured him; for his

expression immediately changed to a sort of constrained merriment,

combined, however, with a certain suspicious attention to my movements.

He laughed, and said that I must bear with him; that he was at certain

moments subject to a species of vertigo, which betrayed itself in

incoherent speeches, and that the attacks passed off as rapidly as they

came. He put his weapon aside while making this explanation, and

endeavoured, with some success, to assume a more cheerful air.

All this did not impose on me in the least. I was too much accustomed

to analytical labours to be baffled by so flimsy a veil. I determined

to probe the mystery to the bottom.

"Simon," I said, gayly, "let us forget all this over a bottle of

Burgundy. I have a case of Lausseure's Clos Vougeot downstairs,

fragrant with the odours and ruddy with the sunlight of the Cote d'Or.

Let us have up a couple of bottles. What say you?"

"With all my heart," answered Simon, smilingly.

I produced the wine and we seated ourselves to drink. It was of a

famous vintage, that of 1848, a year when war and wine throve

together,--and its pure but powerful juice seemed to impart renewed

vitality to the system. By the time we had half finished the second

bottle, Simon's head, which I knew was a weak one, had begun to yield,

while I remained calm as ever, only that every draught seemed to send a

flush of vigour through my limbs. Simon's utterance became more and

more indistinct. He took to singing French chansons of a not very

moral tendency. I rose suddenly from the table just at the conclusion

of one of those incoherent verses, and, fixing my eyes on him with a

quiet smile, said: "Simon, I have deceived you. I learned your secret

this evening. You may as well be frank with me. Mrs. Vulpes, or rather

one of her spirits, told me all."

He started with horror. His intoxication seemed for the moment to fade

away, and he made a movement towards the weapon that he had a short

time before laid down. I stopped him with my hand.

"Monster!" he cried, passionately, "I am ruined! What shall I do? You

shall never have it! I swear by my mother!"

"I don't want it," I said; "rest secure, but be frank with me. Tell me

all about it."

The drunkenness began to return. He protested with maudlin earnestness

that I was entirely mistaken,--that I was intoxicated; then asked me to

swear eternal secrecy, and promised to disclose the mystery to me. I

pledged myself, of course, to all. With an uneasy look in his eyes, and

hands unsteady with drink and nervousness, he drew a small case from

his breast and opened it. Heavens! How the mild lamplight was shivered

into a thousand prismatic arrows, as it fell upon a vast rose-diamond

that glittered in the case! I was no judge of diamonds, but I saw at a

glance that this was a gem of rare size and purity. I looked at Simon

with wonder, and--must I confess it?--with envy. How could he have

obtained this treasure? In reply to my questions, I could just gather

from his drunken statements (of which, I fancy, half the incoherence

was affected) that he had been superintending a gang of slaves engaged

in diamond-washing in Brazil; that he had seen one of them secrete a

diamond, but, instead of informing his employers, had quietly watched

the negro until he saw him bury his treasure; that he had dug it up and

fled with it, but that as yet he was afraid to attempt to dispose of it

publicly,--so valuable a gem being almost certain to attract too much

attention to its owner's antecedents,--and he had not been able to

discover any of those obscure channels by which such matters are

conveyed away safely. He added, that, in accordance with oriental

practice, he had named his diamond with the fanciful title of "The Eye

of Morning."

While Simon was relating this to me, I regarded the great diamond

attentively. Never had I beheld anything so beautiful. All the glories

of light, ever imagined or described, seemed to pulsate in its

crystalline chambers. Its weight, as I learned from Simon, was exactly

one hundred and forty carats. Here was an amazing coincidence. The hand

of destiny seemed in it. On the very evening when the spirit of

Leeuwenhoek communicates to me the great secret of the microscope, the

priceless means which he directs me to employ start up within my easy

reach! I determined, with the most perfect deliberation, to possess

myself of Simon's diamond.

I sat opposite to him while he nodded over his glass, and calmly

revolved the whole affair. I did not for an instant contemplate so

foolish an act as a common theft, which would of course be discovered

or at least necessitate flight and concealment, all of which must

interfere with my scientific plans. There was but one step to be

taken,--to kill Simon. After all, what was the life of a little

peddling Jew, in comparison with the interests of science? Human beings

are taken every day from the condemned prisons to be experimented on by

surgeons. This man, Simon, was by his own confession a criminal, a

robber, and I believed on my soul a murderer. He deserved death quite

as much as any felon condemned by the laws: why should I not, like

government, contrive that his punishment should contribute to the

progress of human knowledge?

The means for accomplishing everything I desired lay within my reach.

There stood upon the mantelpiece a bottle half full of French laudanum.

Simon was so occupied with his diamond, which I had just restored to

him, that it was an affair of no difficulty to drug his glass. In a

quarter of an hour he was in a profound sleep.

I now opened his waistcoat, took the diamond from the inner pocket in

which he had placed it, and removed him to the bed, on which I laid him

so that his feet hung down over the edge. I had possessed myself of the

Malay creese, which I held in my right hand, while with the other I

discovered as accurately as I could by pulsation the exact locality of

the heart. It was essential that all the aspects of his death should

lead to the surmise of self-murder. I calculated the exact angle at

which it was probable that the weapon, if levelled by Simon's own hand,

would enter his breast; then with one powerful blow I thrust it up to

the hilt in the very spot which I desired to penetrate. A convulsive

thrill ran through Simon's limbs. I heard a smothered sound issue from

his throat, precisely like the bursting of a large air-bubble, sent up

by a diver, when it reaches the surface of the water; he turned half

round on his side, and, as if to assist my plans more effectually, his

right hand, moved by some mere spasmodic impulse, clasped the handle of

the creese, which it remained holding with extraordinary muscular

tenacity. Beyond this there was no apparent struggle. The laudanum, I

presume, paralyzed the usual nervous action. He must have died


There was yet something to be done. To make it certain that all

suspicion of the act should be diverted from any inhabitant of the

house to Simon himself, it was necessary that the door should be in the

morning locked on the inside. How to do this, and afterwards escape

myself? Not by the window; that was a physical impossibility. Besides,

I was determined that the windows also should be found bolted. The

solution was simple enough. I descended softly to my own room for a

peculiar instrument which I had used for holding small slippery

substances, such as minute spheres of glass, etc. This instrument was

nothing more than a long slender hand-vise, with a very powerful grip,

and a considerable leverage, which last was accidentally owing to the

shape of the handle. Nothing was simpler than, when the key was in the

lock, to seize the end of its stem in this vise, through the keyhole,

from the outside, and lock the door. Previously, however, to doing

this, I burned a number of papers on Simon's hearth. Suicides almost

always burn papers before they destroy themselves. I also emptied some

more laudanum into Simon's glass,--having first removed from it all

traces of wine,--cleaned the other wine-glass, and brought the bottles

away with me. If traces of two persons drinking had been found in the

room, the question naturally would have arisen, Who was the second?

Besides, the wine-bottles might have been identified as belonging to

me. The laudanum I poured out to account for its presence in his

stomach, in case of a post-mortem examination. The theory naturally

would be, that he first intended to poison himself, but, after

swallowing a little of the drug, was either disgusted with its taste,

or changed his mind from other motives, and chose the dagger. These

arrangements made, I walked out, leaving the gas burning, locked the

door with my vise, and went to bed.

Simon's death was not discovered until nearly three in the afternoon.

The servant, astonished at seeing the gas burning,--the light streaming

on the dark landing from under the door,--peeped through the keyhole

and saw Simon on the bed. She gave the alarm. The door was burst open,

and the neighbourhood was in a fever of excitement.

Everyone in the house was arrested, myself included. There was an

inquest; but no clew to his death beyond that of suicide could be

obtained. Curiously enough, he had made several speeches to his friends

the preceding week, that seemed to point to self-destruction. One

gentleman swore that Simon had said in his presence that "he was tired

of life." His landlord affirmed that Simon, when paying him his last

month's rent, remarked that "he should not pay him rent much longer."

All the other evidence corresponded,--the door locked inside, the

position of the corpse, the burnt papers. As I anticipated, no one knew

of the possession of the diamond by Simon, so that no motive was

suggested for his murder. The jury, after a prolonged examination,

brought in the usual verdict, and the neighbourhood once more settled

down into its accustomed quiet.

The three months succeeding Simon's catastrophe I devoted night and day

to my diamond lens. I had constructed a vast galvanic battery, composed

of nearly two thousand pairs of plates,--a higher power I dared not

use, lest the diamond should be calcined. By means of this enormous

engine I was enabled to send a powerful current of electricity

continually through my great diamond, which it seemed to me gained in

lustre every day. At the expiration of a month I commenced the grinding

and polishing of the lens, a work of intense toil and exquisite

delicacy. The great density of the stone, and the care required to be

taken with the curvatures of the surfaces of the lens, rendered the

labour the severest and most harassing that I had yet undergone.

At last the eventful moment came; the lens was completed. I stood

trembling on the threshold of new worlds. I had the realization of

Alexander's famous wish before me. The lens lay on the table, ready to

be placed upon its platform. My hand fairly shook as I enveloped a drop

of water with a thin coating of oil of turpentine, preparatory to its

examination,--a process necessary in order to prevent the rapid

evaporation of the water. I now placed the drop on a thin slip of glass

under the lens, and throwing upon it, by the combined aid of a prism

and a mirror, a powerful stream of light, I approached my eye to the

minute hole drilled through the axis of the lens. For an instant I saw

nothing save what seemed to be an illuminated chaos, a vast luminous

abyss. A pure white light, cloudless and serene, and seemingly as

limitless as space itself, was my first impression. Gently, and with

the greatest care, I depressed the lens a few hair's-breadths. The

wondrous illumination still continued, but as the lens approached the

object a scene of indescribable beauty was unfolded to my view.

I seemed to gaze upon a vast space, the limits of which extended far

beyond my vision. An atmosphere of magical luminousness permeated the

entire field of view. I was amazed to see no trace of animalculous

life. Not a living thing, apparently, inhabited that dazzling expanse.

I comprehended instantly that, by the wondrous power of my lens, I had

penetrated beyond the grosser particles of aqueous matter, beyond the

realms of infusoria and protozoa, down to the original gaseous globule,

into whose luminous interior I was gazing, as into an almost boundless

dome filled with a supernatural radiance.

It was, however, no brilliant void into which I looked. On every side I

beheld beautiful inorganic forms, of unknown texture, and coloured with

the most enchanting hues. These forms presented the appearance of what

might be called, for want of a more specific definition, foliated

clouds of the highest rarity; that is, they undulated and broke into

vegetable formations, and were tinged with splendours compared with

which the gilding of our autumn woodlands is as dross compared with

gold. Far away into the illimitable distance stretched long avenues of

these gaseous forests, dimly transparent, and painted with prismatic

hues of unimaginable brilliancy. The pendent branches waved along the

fluid glades until every vista seemed to break through half-lucent

ranks of many-coloured drooping silken pennons. What seemed to be

either fruits or flowers, pied with a thousand hues lustrous and ever

varying, bubbled from the crowns of this fairy foliage. No hills, no

lakes, no rivers, no forms animate or inanimate, were to be seen, save

those vast auroral copses that floated serenely in the luminous

stillness, with leaves and fruits and flowers gleaming with unknown

fires, unrealizable by mere imagination.

How strange, I thought, that this sphere should be thus condemned to

solitude! I had hoped, at least, to discover some new form of animal

life--perhaps of a lower class than any with which we are at present

acquainted, but still, some living organism. I found my newly

discovered world, if I may so speak, a beautiful chromatic desert.

While I was speculating on the singular arrangements of the internal

economy of Nature, with which she so frequently splinters into atoms

our most compact theories, I thought I beheld a form moving slowly

through the glades of one of the prismatic forests. I looked more

attentively, and found that I was not mistaken. Words cannot depict the

anxiety with which I awaited the nearer approach of this mysterious

object. Was it merely some inanimate substance, held in suspense in the

attenuated atmosphere of the globule, or was it an animal endowed with

vitality and motion? It approached, flitting behind the gauzy, coloured

veils of cloud-foliage, for seconds dimly revealed, then vanishing. At

last the violet pennons that trailed nearest to me vibrated; they were

gently pushed aside, and the form floated out into the broad light.

It was a female human shape. When I say human, I mean it possessed the

outlines of humanity,--but there the analogy ends. Its adorable beauty

lifted it illimitable heights beyond the loveliest daughter of Adam.

I cannot, I dare not, attempt to inventory the charms of this divine

revelation of perfect beauty. Those eyes of mystic violet, dewy and

serene, evade my words. Her long, lustrous hair following her glorious

head in a golden wake, like the track sown in heaven by a falling star,

seems to quench my most burning phrases with its splendours. If all the

bees of Hybla nestled upon my lips, they would still sing but hoarsely

the wondrous harmonies of outline that enclosed her form.

She swept out from between the rainbow-curtains of the cloud-trees into

the broad sea of light that lay beyond. Her motions were those of some

graceful naiad, cleaving, by a mere effort of her will, the clear,

unruffled waters that fill the chambers of the sea. She floated forth

with the serene grace of a frail bubble ascending through the still

atmosphere of a June day. The perfect roundness of her limbs formed

suave and enchanting curves. It was like listening to the most

spiritual symphony of Beethoven the divine, to watch the harmonious

flow of lines. This, indeed, was a pleasure cheaply purchased at any

price. What cared I if I had waded to the portal of this wonder through

another's blood? I would have given my own to enjoy one such moment of

intoxication and delight.

Breathless with gazing on this lovely wonder, and forgetful for an

instant of everything save her presence, I withdrew my eye from the

microscope eagerly,--alas! As my gaze fell on the thin slide that lay

beneath my instrument, the bright light from mirror and from prism

sparkled on a colourless drop of water! There, in that tiny bead of

dew, this beautiful being was forever imprisoned. The planet Neptune

was not more distant from me than she. I hastened once more to apply my

eye to the microscope.

Animula (let me now call her by that dear name which I subsequently

bestowed on her) had changed her position. She had again approached the

wondrous forest, and was gazing earnestly upwards. Presently one of the

trees--as I must call them--unfolded a long ciliary process, with which

it seized one of the gleaming fruits that glittered on its summit, and,

sweeping slowly down, held it within reach of Animula. The sylph took

it in her delicate hand and began to eat. My attention was so entirely

absorbed by her, that I could not apply myself to the task of

determining whether this singular plant was or was not instinct with


I watched her, as she made her repast, with the most profound

attention. The suppleness of her motions sent a thrill of delight

through my frame; my heart beat madly as she turned her beautiful eyes

in the direction of the spot in which I stood. What would I not have

given to have had the power to precipitate myself into that luminous

ocean, and float with her through those groves of purple and gold!

While I was thus breathlessly following her every movement, she

suddenly started, seemed to listen for a moment, and then cleaving the

brilliant ether in which she was floating, like a flash of light,

pierced through the opaline forest, and disappeared.

Instantly a series of the most singular sensations attacked me. It

seemed as if I had suddenly gone blind. The luminous sphere was still

before me, but my daylight had vanished. What caused this sudden

disappearance? Had she a lover or a husband? Yes, that was the

solution! Some signal from a happy fellow-being had vibrated through

the avenues of the forest, and she had obeyed the summons.

The agony of my sensations, as I arrived at this conclusion, startled

me. I tried to reject the conviction that my reason forced upon me. I

battled against the fatal conclusion,--but in vain. It was so. I had no

escape from it. I loved an animalcule!

It is true that, thanks to the marvellous power of my microscope, she

appeared of human proportions. Instead of presenting the revolting

aspect of the coarser creatures, that live and struggle and die, in the

more easily resolvable portions of the water-drop, she was fair and

delicate and of surpassing beauty. But of what account was all that?

Every time that my eye was withdrawn from the instrument, it fell on a

miserable drop of water, within which, I must be content to know, dwelt

all that could make my life lovely.

Could she but see me once! Could I for one moment pierce the mystical

walls that so inexorably rose to separate us, and whisper all that

filled my soul, I might consent to be satisfied for the rest of my life

with the knowledge of her remote sympathy. It would be something to

have established even the faintest personal link to bind us

together,--to know that at times, when roaming through those enchanted

glades, she might think of the wonderful stranger, who had broken the

monotony of her life with his presence, and left a gentle memory in her


But it could not be. No invention of which human intellect was capable

could break down the barriers that nature had erected. I might feast my

soul upon the wondrous beauty, yet she must always remain ignorant of

the adoring eyes that day and night gazed upon her, and, even when

closed, beheld her in dreams. With a bitter cry of anguish I fled from

the room, and, flinging myself on my bed, sobbed myself to sleep like a


I arose the next morning almost at daybreak, and rushed to my

microscope. I trembled as I sought the luminous world in miniature that

contained my all. Animula was there. I had left the gas-lamp,

surrounded by its moderators, burning when I went to bed the night

before. I found the sylph bathing, as it were, with an expression of

pleasure animating her features, in the brilliant light which

surrounded her. She tossed her lustrous golden hair over her shoulders

with innocent coquetry. She lay at full length in the transparent

medium, in which she supported herself with ease, and gambolled with

the enchanting grace that the nymph Salmacis might have exhibited when

she sought to conquer the modest Hermaphroditus. I tried an experiment

to satisfy myself if her powers of reflection were developed. I

lessened the lamplight considerably. By the dim light that remained, I

could see an expression of pain flit across her face. She looked upward

suddenly, and her brows contracted. I flooded the stage of the

microscope again with a full stream of light, and her whole expression

changed. She sprang forward like some substance deprived of all weight.

Her eyes sparkled and her lips moved. Ah! if science had only the means

of conducting and reduplicating sounds, as it does the rays of light,

what carols of happiness would then have entranced my ears! what

jubilant hymns to Adonais would have thrilled the illumined air!

I now comprehended how it was that the Count de Gabalis peopled his

mystic world with sylphs,--beautiful beings whose breath of life was

lambent fire, and who sported forever in regions of purest ether and

purest light. The Rosicrucian had anticipated the wonder that I had

practically realized.

How long this worship of my strange divinity went on thus I scarcely

know. I lost all note of time. All day from early dawn, and far into

the night, I was to be found peering through that wonderful lens. I saw

no one, went nowhere, and scarce allowed myself sufficient time for my

meals. My whole life was absorbed in contemplation as rapt as that of

any of the Romish saints. Every hour that I gazed upon the divine form

strengthened my passion,--a passion that was always overshadowed by the

maddening conviction that, although I could gaze on her at will, she

never, never could behold me!

At length I grew so pale and emaciated from want of rest and continual

brooding over my insane love and its cruel conditions that I determined

to make some effort to wean myself from it. "Come," I said, "this is at

best but a fantasy. Your imagination has bestowed on Animula charms

which in reality she does not possess. Seclusion from female society

has produced this morbid condition of mind. Compare her with the

beautiful women of your own world, and this false enchantment will


I looked over the newspapers by chance. There I beheld the

advertisement of a celebrated danseuse who appeared nightly at

Niblo's. The Signorina Caradolce had the reputation of being the most

beautiful as well as the most graceful woman in the world. I instantly

dressed and went to the theatre.

The curtain drew up. The usual semicircle of fairies in white muslin

were standing on the right toe around the enamelled flower-bank, of

green canvas, on which the belated prince was sleeping. Suddenly a

flute is heard. The fairies start. The trees open, the fairies all

stand on the left toe, and the queen enters. It was the Signorina. She

bounded forward amid thunders of applause, and, lighting on one foot,

remained poised in air. Heavens! was this the great enchantress that

had drawn monarchs at her chariot-wheels? Those heavy muscular limbs,

those thick ankles, those cavernous eyes, that stereotyped smile, those

crudely painted cheeks! Where were the vermeil blooms, the liquid

expressive eyes, the harmonious limbs of Animula?

The Signorina danced. What gross, discordant movements! The play of her

limbs was all false and artificial. Her bounds were painful athletic

efforts; her poses were angular and distressed the eye. I could bear it

no longer; with an exclamation of disgust that drew every eye upon me,

I rose from my seat in the very middle of the Signorina's

pas-de-fascination, and abruptly quitted the house.

I hastened home to feast my eyes once more on the lovely form of my

sylph. I felt that henceforth to combat this passion would be

impossible. I applied my eye to the lens. Animula was there,--but what

could have happened? Some terrible change seemed to have taken place

during my absence. Some secret grief seemed to cloud the lovely

features of her I gazed upon. Her face had grown thin and haggard; her

limbs trailed heavily; the wondrous lustre of her golden hair had

faded. She was ill!--ill, and I could not assist her! I believe at that

moment I would have gladly forfeited all claims to my human birthright,

if I could only have been dwarfed to the size of an animalcule, and

permitted to console her from whom fate had forever divided me.

I racked my brain for the solution of this mystery. What was it that

afflicted the sylph? She seemed to suffer intense pain. Her features

contracted, and she even writhed, as if with some internal agony. The

wondrous forests appeared also to have lost half their beauty. Their

hues were dim and in some places faded away altogether. I watched

Animula for hours with a breaking heart, and she seemed absolutely to

wither away under my very eye. Suddenly I remembered that I had not

looked at the water-drop for several days. In fact, I hated to see it;

for it reminded me of the natural barrier between Animula and myself. I

hurriedly looked down on the stage of the microscope. The slide was

still there,--but, great heavens! the water-drop had vanished! The

awful truth burst upon me; it had evaporated; until it had become so

minute as to be invisible to the naked eye; I had been gazing on its

last atom, the one that contained Animula,--and she was dying!

I rushed again to the front of the lens, and looked through. Alas! the

last agony had seized her. The rainbow-hued forests had all melted

away, and Animula lay struggling feebly in what seemed to be a spot of

dim light. Ah! the sight was horrible; the limbs once so round and

lovely shrivelling up into nothings; the eyes,--those eyes that shone

like heaven--being quenched into black dust; the lustrous golden hair

now lank and discoloured. The last throe came. I beheld that final

struggle of the blackening form--and I fainted.

When I awoke out of a trance of many hours, I found myself lying amid

the wreck of my instrument, myself as shattered in mind and body as it.

I crawled feebly to my bed, from which I did not rise for months.

They say now that I am mad; but they are mistaken. I am poor, for I

have neither the heart nor the will to work; all my money is spent, and

I live on charity. Young men's associations that love a joke invite me

to lecture on Optics before them, for which they pay me and laugh at me

while I lecture. "Linley, the mad microscopist," is the name I go by. I

suppose that I talk incoherently while I lecture. Who could talk sense

when his brain is haunted by such ghastly memories, while ever and anon

among the shapes of death I behold the radiant form of my lost Animula!