The Adventure Of The Empty House

It was in the spring of the year 1894 that all London was interested,

and the fashionable world dismayed, by the murder of the Honourable

Ronald Adair under most unusual and inexplicable circumstances. The

public has already learned those particulars of the crime which came out

in the police investigation, but a good deal was suppressed upon that

occasion, since the case for the prosecution was so overwhelmingly

that it was not necessary to bring forward all the facts. Only

now, at the end of nearly ten years, am I allowed to supply those

missing links which make up the whole of that remarkable chain. The

crime was of interest in itself, but that interest was as nothing to

me compared to the inconceivable sequel, which afforded me the greatest

shock and surprise of any event in my adventurous life. Even now,

after this long interval, I find myself thrilling as I think of it, and

feeling once more that sudden flood of joy, amazement, and incredulity

which utterly submerged my mind. Let me say to that public, which has

shown some interest in those glimpses which I have occasionally given

them of the thoughts and actions of a very remarkable man, that they

are not to blame me if I have not shared my knowledge with them, for I

should have considered it my first duty to do so, had I not been barred

by a positive prohibition from his own lips, which was only withdrawn

upon the third of last month.

It can be imagined that my close intimacy with Sherlock Holmes had

interested me deeply in crime, and that after his disappearance I never

failed to read with care the various problems which came before the

public. And I even attempted, more than once, for my own private

satisfaction, to employ his methods in their solution, though with

indifferent success. There was none, however, which appealed to me like

this tragedy of Ronald Adair. As I read the evidence at the inquest,

which led up to a verdict of willful murder against some person or

persons unknown, I realized more clearly than I had ever done the loss

which the community had sustained by the death of Sherlock Holmes. There

were points about this strange business which would, I was sure, have

specially appealed to him, and the efforts of the police would have been

supplemented, or more probably anticipated, by the trained observation

and the alert mind of the first criminal agent in Europe. All day, as

I drove upon my round, I turned over the case in my mind and found no

explanation which appeared to me to be adequate. At the risk of telling

a twice-told tale, I will recapitulate the facts as they were known to

the public at the conclusion of the inquest.

The Honourable Ronald Adair was the second son of the Earl of Maynooth,

at that time governor of one of the Australian colonies. Adair's mother

had returned from Australia to undergo the operation for cataract, and

she, her son Ronald, and her daughter Hilda were living together at

427 Park Lane. The youth moved in the best society--had, so far as was

known, no enemies and no particular vices. He had been engaged to Miss

Edith Woodley, of Carstairs, but the engagement had been broken off by

mutual consent some months before, and there was no sign that it had

left any very profound feeling behind it. For the rest {sic} the man's

life moved in a narrow and conventional circle, for his habits were

quiet and his nature unemotional. Yet it was upon this easy-going young

aristocrat that death came, in most strange and unexpected form, between

the hours of ten and eleven-twenty on the night of March 30, 1894.

Ronald Adair was fond of cards--playing continually, but never for such

stakes as would hurt him. He was a member of the Baldwin, the Cavendish,

and the Bagatelle card clubs. It was shown that, after dinner on the day

of his death, he had played a rubber of whist at the latter club. He had

also played there in the afternoon. The evidence of those who had played

with him--Mr. Murray, Sir John Hardy, and Colonel Moran--showed that

the game was whist, and that there was a fairly equal fall of the cards.

Adair might have lost five pounds, but not more. His fortune was a

considerable one, and such a loss could not in any way affect him. He

had played nearly every day at one club or other, but he was a cautious

player, and usually rose a winner. It came out in evidence that, in

partnership with Colonel Moran, he had actually won as much as four

hundred and twenty pounds in a sitting, some weeks before, from Godfrey

Milner and Lord Balmoral. So much for his recent history as it came out

at the inquest.

On the evening of the crime, he returned from the club exactly at ten.

His mother and sister were out spending the evening with a relation. The

servant deposed that she heard him enter the front room on the second

floor, generally used as his sitting-room. She had lit a fire there, and

as it smoked she had opened the window. No sound was heard from the room

until eleven-twenty, the hour of the return of Lady Maynooth and her

daughter. Desiring to say good-night, she attempted to enter her son's

room. The door was locked on the inside, and no answer could be got to

their cries and knocking. Help was obtained, and the door forced. The

unfortunate young man was found lying near the table. His head had been

horribly mutilated by an expanding revolver bullet, but no weapon of any

sort was to be found in the room. On the table lay two banknotes for

ten pounds each and seventeen pounds ten in silver and gold, the money

arranged in little piles of varying amount. There were some figures also

upon a sheet of paper, with the names of some club friends opposite

to them, from which it was conjectured that before his death he was

endeavouring to make out his losses or winnings at cards.

A minute examination of the circumstances served only to make the case

more complex. In the first place, no reason could be given why the

young man should have fastened the door upon the inside. There was the

possibility that the murderer had done this, and had afterwards escaped

by the window. The drop was at least twenty feet, however, and a bed of

crocuses in full bloom lay beneath. Neither the flowers nor the earth

showed any sign of having been disturbed, nor were there any marks

upon the narrow strip of grass which separated the house from the road.

Apparently, therefore, it was the young man himself who had fastened the

door. But how did he come by his death? No one could have climbed up to

the window without leaving traces. Suppose a man had fired through the

window, he would indeed be a remarkable shot who could with a

revolver inflict so deadly a wound. Again, Park Lane is a frequented

thoroughfare; there is a cab stand within a hundred yards of the house.

No one had heard a shot. And yet there was the dead man and there the

revolver bullet, which had mushroomed out, as soft-nosed bullets will,

and so inflicted a wound which must have caused instantaneous death.

Such were the circumstances of the Park Lane Mystery, which were further

complicated by entire absence of motive, since, as I have said, young

Adair was not known to have any enemy, and no attempt had been made to

remove the money or valuables in the room.

All day I turned these facts over in my mind, endeavouring to hit upon

some theory which could reconcile them all, and to find that line

of least resistance which my poor friend had declared to be the

starting-point of every investigation. I confess that I made little

progress. In the evening I strolled across the Park, and found myself

about six o'clock at the Oxford Street end of Park Lane. A group of

loafers upon the pavements, all staring up at a particular window,

directed me to the house which I had come to see. A tall, thin man with

coloured glasses, whom I strongly suspected of being a plain-clothes

detective, was pointing out some theory of his own, while the others

crowded round to listen to what he said. I got as near him as I could,

but his observations seemed to me to be absurd, so I withdrew again in

some disgust. As I did so I struck against an elderly, deformed man,

who had been behind me, and I knocked down several books which he was

carrying. I remember that as I picked them up, I observed the title

of one of them, THE ORIGIN OF TREE WORSHIP, and it struck me that the

fellow must be some poor bibliophile, who, either as a trade or as a

hobby, was a collector of obscure volumes. I endeavoured to apologize

for the accident, but it was evident that these books which I had so

unfortunately maltreated were very precious objects in the eyes of their

owner. With a snarl of contempt he turned upon his heel, and I saw his

curved back and white side-whiskers disappear among the throng.

My observations of No. 427 Park Lane did little to clear up the problem

in which I was interested. The house was separated from the street by

a low wall and railing, the whole not more than five feet high. It was

perfectly easy, therefore, for anyone to get into the garden, but

the window was entirely inaccessible, since there was no waterpipe or

anything which could help the most active man to climb it. More puzzled

than ever, I retraced my steps to Kensington. I had not been in my study

five minutes when the maid entered to say that a person desired to

see me. To my astonishment it was none other than my strange old book

collector, his sharp, wizened face peering out from a frame of white

hair, and his precious volumes, a dozen of them at least, wedged under

his right arm.

"You're surprised to see me, sir," said he, in a strange, croaking


I acknowledged that I was.

"Well, I've a conscience, sir, and when I chanced to see you go into

this house, as I came hobbling after you, I thought to myself, I'll just

step in and see that kind gentleman, and tell him that if I was a bit

gruff in my manner there was not any harm meant, and that I am much

obliged to him for picking up my books."

"You make too much of a trifle," said I. "May I ask how you knew who I


"Well, sir, if it isn't too great a liberty, I am a neighbour of yours,

for you'll find my little bookshop at the corner of Church Street,

and very happy to see you, I am sure. Maybe you collect yourself, sir.

Here's BRITISH BIRDS, and CATULLUS, and THE HOLY WAR--a bargain, every

one of them. With five volumes you could just fill that gap on that

second shelf. It looks untidy, does it not, sir?"

I moved my head to look at the cabinet behind me. When I turned again,

Sherlock Holmes was standing smiling at me across my study table. I rose

to my feet, stared at him for some seconds in utter amazement, and then

it appears that I must have fainted for the first and the last time

in my life. Certainly a gray mist swirled before my eyes, and when it

cleared I found my collar-ends undone and the tingling after-taste of

brandy upon my lips. Holmes was bending over my chair, his flask in his


"My dear Watson," said the well-remembered voice, "I owe you a thousand

apologies. I had no idea that you would be so affected."

I gripped him by the arms.

"Holmes!" I cried. "Is it really you? Can it indeed be that you are

alive? Is it possible that you succeeded in climbing out of that awful


"Wait a moment," said he. "Are you sure that you are really fit to

discuss things? I have given you a serious shock by my unnecessarily

dramatic reappearance."

"I am all right, but indeed, Holmes, I can hardly believe my eyes. Good

heavens! to think that you--you of all men--should be standing in my

study." Again I gripped him by the sleeve, and felt the thin, sinewy arm

beneath it. "Well, you're not a spirit anyhow," said I. "My dear chap,

I'm overjoyed to see you. Sit down, and tell me how you came alive out

of that dreadful chasm."

He sat opposite to me, and lit a cigarette in his old, nonchalant

manner. He was dressed in the seedy frockcoat of the book merchant, but

the rest of that individual lay in a pile of white hair and old books

upon the table. Holmes looked even thinner and keener than of old, but

there was a dead-white tinge in his aquiline face which told me that his

life recently had not been a healthy one.

"I am glad to stretch myself, Watson," said he. "It is no joke when a

tall man has to take a foot off his stature for several hours on end.

Now, my dear fellow, in the matter of these explanations, we have, if I

may ask for your cooperation, a hard and dangerous night's work in front

of us. Perhaps it would be better if I gave you an account of the whole

situation when that work is finished."

"I am full of curiosity. I should much prefer to hear now."

"You'll come with me to-night?"

"When you like and where you like."

"This is, indeed, like the old days. We shall have time for a mouthful

of dinner before we need go. Well, then, about that chasm. I had no

serious difficulty in getting out of it, for the very simple reason that

I never was in it."

"You never were in it?"

"No, Watson, I never was in it. My note to you was absolutely genuine.

I had little doubt that I had come to the end of my career when I

perceived the somewhat sinister figure of the late Professor Moriarty

standing upon the narrow pathway which led to safety. I read an

inexorable purpose in his gray eyes. I exchanged some remarks with him,

therefore, and obtained his courteous permission to write the short note

which you afterwards received. I left it with my cigarette-box and my

stick, and I walked along the pathway, Moriarty still at my heels. When

I reached the end I stood at bay. He drew no weapon, but he rushed at me

and threw his long arms around me. He knew that his own game was up, and

was only anxious to revenge himself upon me. We tottered together upon

the brink of the fall. I have some knowledge, however, of baritsu, or

the Japanese system of wrestling, which has more than once been very

useful to me. I slipped through his grip, and he with a horrible scream

kicked madly for a few seconds, and clawed the air with both his hands.

But for all his efforts he could not get his balance, and over he went.

With my face over the brink, I saw him fall for a long way. Then he

struck a rock, bounded off, and splashed into the water."

I listened with amazement to this explanation, which Holmes delivered

between the puffs of his cigarette.

"But the tracks!" I cried. "I saw, with my own eyes, that two went down

the path and none returned."

"It came about in this way. The instant that the Professor had

disappeared, it struck me what a really extraordinarily lucky chance

Fate had placed in my way. I knew that Moriarty was not the only man who

had sworn my death. There were at least three others whose desire for

vengeance upon me would only be increased by the death of their leader.

They were all most dangerous men. One or other would certainly get me.

On the other hand, if all the world was convinced that I was dead they

would take liberties, these men, they would soon lay themselves open,

and sooner or later I could destroy them. Then it would be time for me

to announce that I was still in the land of the living. So rapidly does

the brain act that I believe I had thought this all out before Professor

Moriarty had reached the bottom of the Reichenbach Fall.

"I stood up and examined the rocky wall behind me. In your picturesque

account of the matter, which I read with great interest some months

later, you assert that the wall was sheer. That was not literally

true. A few small footholds presented themselves, and there was some

indication of a ledge. The cliff is so high that to climb it all was

an obvious impossibility, and it was equally impossible to make my way

along the wet path without leaving some tracks. I might, it is true,

have reversed my boots, as I have done on similar occasions, but the

sight of three sets of tracks in one direction would certainly have

suggested a deception. On the whole, then, it was best that I should

risk the climb. It was not a pleasant business, Watson. The fall roared

beneath me. I am not a fanciful person, but I give you my word that

I seemed to hear Moriarty's voice screaming at me out of the abyss. A

mistake would have been fatal. More than once, as tufts of grass came

out in my hand or my foot slipped in the wet notches of the rock, I

thought that I was gone. But I struggled upward, and at last I reached a

ledge several feet deep and covered with soft green moss, where I could

lie unseen, in the most perfect comfort. There I was stretched, when

you, my dear Watson, and all your following were investigating in the

most sympathetic and inefficient manner the circumstances of my death.

"At last, when you had all formed your inevitable and totally erroneous

conclusions, you departed for the hotel, and I was left alone. I

had imagined that I had reached the end of my adventures, but a very

unexpected occurrence showed me that there were surprises still in store

for me. A huge rock, falling from above, boomed past me, struck the

path, and bounded over into the chasm. For an instant I thought that

it was an accident, but a moment later, looking up, I saw a man's head

against the darkening sky, and another stone struck the very ledge upon

which I was stretched, within a foot of my head. Of course, the meaning

of this was obvious. Moriarty had not been alone. A confederate--and

even that one glance had told me how dangerous a man that confederate

was--had kept guard while the Professor had attacked me. From a

distance, unseen by me, he had been a witness of his friend's death and

of my escape. He had waited, and then making his way round to the top of

the cliff, he had endeavoured to succeed where his comrade had failed.

"I did not take long to think about it, Watson. Again I saw that grim

face look over the cliff, and I knew that it was the precursor of

another stone. I scrambled down on to the path. I don't think I could

have done it in cold blood. It was a hundred times more difficult than

getting up. But I had no time to think of the danger, for another stone

sang past me as I hung by my hands from the edge of the ledge. Halfway

down I slipped, but, by the blessing of God, I landed, torn and

bleeding, upon the path. I took to my heels, did ten miles over the

mountains in the darkness, and a week later I found myself in Florence,

with the certainty that no one in the world knew what had become of me.

"I had only one confidant--my brother Mycroft. I owe you many apologies,

my dear Watson, but it was all-important that it should be thought I

was dead, and it is quite certain that you would not have written so

convincing an account of my unhappy end had you not yourself thought

that it was true. Several times during the last three years I have taken

up my pen to write to you, but always I feared lest your affectionate

regard for me should tempt you to some indiscretion which would betray

my secret. For that reason I turned away from you this evening when

you upset my books, for I was in danger at the time, and any show of

surprise and emotion upon your part might have drawn attention to my

identity and led to the most deplorable and irreparable results. As to

Mycroft, I had to confide in him in order to obtain the money which

I needed. The course of events in London did not run so well as I had

hoped, for the trial of the Moriarty gang left two of its most dangerous

members, my own most vindictive enemies, at liberty. I travelled for

two years in Tibet, therefore, and amused myself by visiting Lhassa,

and spending some days with the head lama. You may have read of the

remarkable explorations of a Norwegian named Sigerson, but I am sure

that it never occurred to you that you were receiving news of your

friend. I then passed through Persia, looked in at Mecca, and paid a

short but interesting visit to the Khalifa at Khartoum the results of

which I have communicated to the Foreign Office. Returning to France, I

spent some months in a research into the coal-tar derivatives, which I

conducted in a laboratory at Montpellier, in the south of France. Having

concluded this to my satisfaction and learning that only one of my

enemies was now left in London, I was about to return when my movements

were hastened by the news of this very remarkable Park Lane Mystery,

which not only appealed to me by its own merits, but which seemed to

offer some most peculiar personal opportunities. I came over at once to

London, called in my own person at Baker Street, threw Mrs. Hudson into

violent hysterics, and found that Mycroft had preserved my rooms and my

papers exactly as they had always been. So it was, my dear Watson, that

at two o'clock to-day I found myself in my old armchair in my own old

room, and only wishing that I could have seen my old friend Watson in

the other chair which he has so often adorned."

Such was the remarkable narrative to which I listened on that April

evening--a narrative which would have been utterly incredible to me had

it not been confirmed by the actual sight of the tall, spare figure and

the keen, eager face, which I had never thought to see again. In some

manner he had learned of my own sad bereavement, and his sympathy was

shown in his manner rather than in his words. "Work is the best antidote

to sorrow, my dear Watson," said he; "and I have a piece of work for us

both to-night which, if we can bring it to a successful conclusion, will

in itself justify a man's life on this planet." In vain I begged him

to tell me more. "You will hear and see enough before morning," he

answered. "We have three years of the past to discuss. Let that suffice

until half-past nine, when we start upon the notable adventure of the

empty house."

It was indeed like old times when, at that hour, I found myself seated

beside him in a hansom, my revolver in my pocket, and the thrill of

adventure in my heart. Holmes was cold and stern and silent. As the

gleam of the street-lamps flashed upon his austere features, I saw that

his brows were drawn down in thought and his thin lips compressed. I

knew not what wild beast we were about to hunt down in the dark jungle

of criminal London, but I was well assured, from the bearing of this

master huntsman, that the adventure was a most grave one--while the

sardonic smile which occasionally broke through his ascetic gloom boded

little good for the object of our quest.

I had imagined that we were bound for Baker Street, but Holmes stopped

the cab at the corner of Cavendish Square. I observed that as he stepped

out he gave a most searching glance to right and left, and at every

subsequent street corner he took the utmost pains to assure that he was

not followed. Our route was certainly a singular one. Holmes's knowledge

of the byways of London was extraordinary, and on this occasion he

passed rapidly and with an assured step through a network of mews and

stables, the very existence of which I had never known. We emerged at

last into a small road, lined with old, gloomy houses, which led us into

Manchester Street, and so to Blandford Street. Here he turned swiftly

down a narrow passage, passed through a wooden gate into a deserted

yard, and then opened with a key the back door of a house. We entered

together, and he closed it behind us.

The place was pitch dark, but it was evident to me that it was an empty

house. Our feet creaked and crackled over the bare planking, and my

outstretched hand touched a wall from which the paper was hanging in

ribbons. Holmes's cold, thin fingers closed round my wrist and led me

forward down a long hall, until I dimly saw the murky fanlight over the

door. Here Holmes turned suddenly to the right and we found ourselves

in a large, square, empty room, heavily shadowed in the corners, but

faintly lit in the centre from the lights of the street beyond. There

was no lamp near, and the window was thick with dust, so that we could

only just discern each other's figures within. My companion put his hand

upon my shoulder and his lips close to my ear.

"Do you know where we are?" he whispered.

"Surely that is Baker Street," I answered, staring through the dim


"Exactly. We are in Camden House, which stands opposite to our own old


"But why are we here?"

"Because it commands so excellent a view of that picturesque pile. Might

I trouble you, my dear Watson, to draw a little nearer to the window,

taking every precaution not to show yourself, and then to look up at our

old rooms--the starting-point of so many of your little fairy-tales? We

will see if my three years of absence have entirely taken away my power

to surprise you."

I crept forward and looked across at the familiar window. As my eyes

fell upon it, I gave a gasp and a cry of amazement. The blind was down,

and a strong light was burning in the room. The shadow of a man who

was seated in a chair within was thrown in hard, black outline upon the

luminous screen of the window. There was no mistaking the poise of the

head, the squareness of the shoulders, the sharpness of the features.

The face was turned half-round, and the effect was that of one of

those black silhouettes which our grandparents loved to frame. It was a

perfect reproduction of Holmes. So amazed was I that I threw out my

hand to make sure that the man himself was standing beside me. He was

quivering with silent laughter.

"Well?" said he.

"Good heavens!" I cried. "It is marvellous."

"I trust that age doth not wither nor custom stale my infinite variety,"

said he, and I recognized in his voice the joy and pride which the

artist takes in his own creation. "It really is rather like me, is it


"I should be prepared to swear that it was you."

"The credit of the execution is due to Monsieur Oscar Meunier, of

Grenoble, who spent some days in doing the moulding. It is a bust in

wax. The rest I arranged myself during my visit to Baker Street this


"But why?"

"Because, my dear Watson, I had the strongest possible reason for

wishing certain people to think that I was there when I was really


"And you thought the rooms were watched?"

"I KNEW that they were watched."

"By whom?"

"By my old enemies, Watson. By the charming society whose leader lies

in the Reichenbach Fall. You must remember that they knew, and only

they knew, that I was still alive. Sooner or later they believed that I

should come back to my rooms. They watched them continuously, and this

morning they saw me arrive."

"How do you know?"

"Because I recognized their sentinel when I glanced out of my window. He

is a harmless enough fellow, Parker by name, a garroter by trade, and a

remarkable performer upon the jew's-harp. I cared nothing for him. But

I cared a great deal for the much more formidable person who was behind

him, the bosom friend of Moriarty, the man who dropped the rocks over

the cliff, the most cunning and dangerous criminal in London. That is

the man who is after me to-night Watson, and that is the man who is

quite unaware that we are after him."

My friend's plans were gradually revealing themselves. From this

convenient retreat, the watchers were being watched and the trackers

tracked. That angular shadow up yonder was the bait, and we were the

hunters. In silence we stood together in the darkness and watched the

hurrying figures who passed and repassed in front of us. Holmes was

silent and motionless; but I could tell that he was keenly alert, and

that his eyes were fixed intently upon the stream of passers-by. It was

a bleak and boisterous night and the wind whistled shrilly down the

long street. Many people were moving to and fro, most of them muffled in

their coats and cravats. Once or twice it seemed to me that I had seen

the same figure before, and I especially noticed two men who appeared

to be sheltering themselves from the wind in the doorway of a house

some distance up the street. I tried to draw my companion's attention to

them; but he gave a little ejaculation of impatience, and continued

to stare into the street. More than once he fidgeted with his feet and

tapped rapidly with his fingers upon the wall. It was evident to me

that he was becoming uneasy, and that his plans were not working out

altogether as he had hoped. At last, as midnight approached and

the street gradually cleared, he paced up and down the room in

uncontrollable agitation. I was about to make some remark to him, when

I raised my eyes to the lighted window, and again experienced almost as

great a surprise as before. I clutched Holmes's arm, and pointed upward.

"The shadow has moved!" I cried.

It was indeed no longer the profile, but the back, which was turned

towards us.

Three years had certainly not smoothed the asperities of his temper or

his impatience with a less active intelligence than his own.

"Of course it has moved," said he. "Am I such a farcical bungler,

Watson, that I should erect an obvious dummy, and expect that some of

the sharpest men in Europe would be deceived by it? We have been in

this room two hours, and Mrs. Hudson has made some change in that figure

eight times, or once in every quarter of an hour. She works it from the

front, so that her shadow may never be seen. Ah!" He drew in his breath

with a shrill, excited intake. In the dim light I saw his head thrown

forward, his whole attitude rigid with attention. Outside the street

was absolutely deserted. Those two men might still be crouching in the

doorway, but I could no longer see them. All was still and dark, save

only that brilliant yellow screen in front of us with the black figure

outlined upon its centre. Again in the utter silence I heard that thin,

sibilant note which spoke of intense suppressed excitement. An instant

later he pulled me back into the blackest corner of the room, and I

felt his warning hand upon my lips. The fingers which clutched me were

quivering. Never had I known my friend more moved, and yet the dark

street still stretched lonely and motionless before us.

But suddenly I was aware of that which his keener senses had already

distinguished. A low, stealthy sound came to my ears, not from the

direction of Baker Street, but from the back of the very house in which

we lay concealed. A door opened and shut. An instant later steps

crept down the passage--steps which were meant to be silent, but which

reverberated harshly through the empty house. Holmes crouched back

against the wall, and I did the same, my hand closing upon the handle

of my revolver. Peering through the gloom, I saw the vague outline of a

man, a shade blacker than the blackness of the open door. He stood for

an instant, and then he crept forward, crouching, menacing, into the

room. He was within three yards of us, this sinister figure, and I had

braced myself to meet his spring, before I realized that he had no idea

of our presence. He passed close beside us, stole over to the window,

and very softly and noiselessly raised it for half a foot. As he sank to

the level of this opening, the light of the street, no longer dimmed by

the dusty glass, fell full upon his face. The man seemed to be beside

himself with excitement. His two eyes shone like stars, and his

features were working convulsively. He was an elderly man, with a thin,

projecting nose, a high, bald forehead, and a huge grizzled moustache.

An opera hat was pushed to the back of his head, and an evening dress

shirt-front gleamed out through his open overcoat. His face was gaunt

and swarthy, scored with deep, savage lines. In his hand he carried what

appeared to be a stick, but as he laid it down upon the floor it gave

a metallic clang. Then from the pocket of his overcoat he drew a bulky

object, and he busied himself in some task which ended with a loud,

sharp click, as if a spring or bolt had fallen into its place. Still

kneeling upon the floor he bent forward and threw all his weight and

strength upon some lever, with the result that there came a long,

whirling, grinding noise, ending once more in a powerful click. He

straightened himself then, and I saw that what he held in his hand was

a sort of gun, with a curiously misshapen butt. He opened it at the

breech, put something in, and snapped the breech-lock. Then, crouching

down, he rested the end of the barrel upon the ledge of the open window,

and I saw his long moustache droop over the stock and his eye gleam as

it peered along the sights. I heard a little sigh of satisfaction as

he cuddled the butt into his shoulder; and saw that amazing target,

the black man on the yellow ground, standing clear at the end of his

foresight. For an instant he was rigid and motionless. Then his finger

tightened on the trigger. There was a strange, loud whiz and a long,

silvery tinkle of broken glass. At that instant Holmes sprang like a

tiger on to the marksman's back, and hurled him flat upon his face. He

was up again in a moment, and with convulsive strength he seized

Holmes by the throat, but I struck him on the head with the butt of my

revolver, and he dropped again upon the floor. I fell upon him, and as

I held him my comrade blew a shrill call upon a whistle. There was the

clatter of running feet upon the pavement, and two policemen in uniform,

with one plain-clothes detective, rushed through the front entrance and

into the room.

"That you, Lestrade?" said Holmes.

"Yes, Mr. Holmes. I took the job myself. It's good to see you back in

London, sir."

"I think you want a little unofficial help. Three undetected murders in

one year won't do, Lestrade. But you handled the Molesey Mystery with

less than your usual--that's to say, you handled it fairly well."

We had all risen to our feet, our prisoner breathing hard, with a

stalwart constable on each side of him. Already a few loiterers had

begun to collect in the street. Holmes stepped up to the window, closed

it, and dropped the blinds. Lestrade had produced two candles, and the

policemen had uncovered their lanterns. I was able at last to have a

good look at our prisoner.

It was a tremendously virile and yet sinister face which was turned

towards us. With the brow of a philosopher above and the jaw of a

sensualist below, the man must have started with great capacities for

good or for evil. But one could not look upon his cruel blue eyes, with

their drooping, cynical lids, or upon the fierce, aggressive nose and

the threatening, deep-lined brow, without reading Nature's plainest

danger-signals. He took no heed of any of us, but his eyes were fixed

upon Holmes's face with an expression in which hatred and amazement were

equally blended. "You fiend!" he kept on muttering. "You clever, clever


"Ah, Colonel!" said Holmes, arranging his rumpled collar. "'Journeys end

in lovers' meetings,' as the old play says. I don't think I have had the

pleasure of seeing you since you favoured me with those attentions as I

lay on the ledge above the Reichenbach Fall."

The colonel still stared at my friend like a man in a trance. "You

cunning, cunning fiend!" was all that he could say.

"I have not introduced you yet," said Holmes. "This, gentlemen, is

Colonel Sebastian Moran, once of Her Majesty's Indian Army, and the best

heavy-game shot that our Eastern Empire has ever produced. I believe

I am correct Colonel, in saying that your bag of tigers still remains


The fierce old man said nothing, but still glared at my companion. With

his savage eyes and bristling moustache he was wonderfully like a tiger


"I wonder that my very simple stratagem could deceive so old a SHIKARI,"

said Holmes. "It must be very familiar to you. Have you not tethered a

young kid under a tree, lain above it with your rifle, and waited for

the bait to bring up your tiger? This empty house is my tree, and you

are my tiger. You have possibly had other guns in reserve in case there

should be several tigers, or in the unlikely supposition of your own aim

failing you. These," he pointed around, "are my other guns. The parallel

is exact."

Colonel Moran sprang forward with a snarl of rage, but the constables

dragged him back. The fury upon his face was terrible to look at.

"I confess that you had one small surprise for me," said Holmes. "I did

not anticipate that you would yourself make use of this empty house and

this convenient front window. I had imagined you as operating from the

street, where my friend, Lestrade and his merry men were awaiting you.

With that exception, all has gone as I expected."

Colonel Moran turned to the official detective.

"You may or may not have just cause for arresting me," said he, "but at

least there can be no reason why I should submit to the gibes of this

person. If I am in the hands of the law, let things be done in a legal


"Well, that's reasonable enough," said Lestrade. "Nothing further you

have to say, Mr. Holmes, before we go?"

Holmes had picked up the powerful air-gun from the floor, and was

examining its mechanism.

"An admirable and unique weapon," said he, "noiseless and of tremendous

power: I knew Von Herder, the blind German mechanic, who constructed it

to the order of the late Professor Moriarty. For years I have been

aware of its existence though I have never before had the opportunity of

handling it. I commend it very specially to your attention, Lestrade and

also the bullets which fit it."

"You can trust us to look after that, Mr. Holmes," said Lestrade, as the

whole party moved towards the door. "Anything further to say?"

"Only to ask what charge you intend to prefer?"

"What charge, sir? Why, of course, the attempted murder of Mr. Sherlock


"Not so, Lestrade. I do not propose to appear in the matter at all. To

you, and to you only, belongs the credit of the remarkable arrest which

you have effected. Yes, Lestrade, I congratulate you! With your usual

happy mixture of cunning and audacity, you have got him."

"Got him! Got whom, Mr. Holmes?"

"The man that the whole force has been seeking in vain--Colonel

Sebastian Moran, who shot the Honourable Ronald Adair with an expanding

bullet from an air-gun through the open window of the second-floor

front of No. 427 Park Lane, upon the thirtieth of last month. That's the

charge, Lestrade. And now, Watson, if you can endure the draught from

a broken window, I think that half an hour in my study over a cigar may

afford you some profitable amusement."

Our old chambers had been left unchanged through the supervision of

Mycroft Holmes and the immediate care of Mrs. Hudson. As I entered I

saw, it is true, an unwonted tidiness, but the old landmarks were all

in their place. There were the chemical corner and the acid-stained,

deal-topped table. There upon a shelf was the row of formidable

scrap-books and books of reference which many of our fellow-citizens

would have been so glad to burn. The diagrams, the violin-case, and the

pipe-rack--even the Persian slipper which contained the tobacco--all

met my eyes as I glanced round me. There were two occupants of the

room--one, Mrs. Hudson, who beamed upon us both as we entered--the

other, the strange dummy which had played so important a part in the

evening's adventures. It was a wax-coloured model of my friend, so

admirably done that it was a perfect facsimile. It stood on a small

pedestal table with an old dressing-gown of Holmes's so draped round it

that the illusion from the street was absolutely perfect.

"I hope you observed all precautions, Mrs. Hudson?" said Holmes.

"I went to it on my knees, sir, just as you told me."

"Excellent. You carried the thing out very well. Did you observe where

the bullet went?"

"Yes, sir. I'm afraid it has spoilt your beautiful bust, for it passed

right through the head and flattened itself on the wall. I picked it up

from the carpet. Here it is!"

Holmes held it out to me. "A soft revolver bullet, as you perceive,

Watson. There's genius in that, for who would expect to find such a

thing fired from an airgun? All right, Mrs. Hudson. I am much obliged

for your assistance. And now, Watson, let me see you in your old seat

once more, for there are several points which I should like to discuss

with you."

He had thrown off the seedy frockcoat, and now he was the Holmes of old

in the mouse-coloured dressing-gown which he took from his effigy.

"The old SHIKARI'S nerves have not lost their steadiness, nor his eyes

their keenness," said he, with a laugh, as he inspected the shattered

forehead of his bust.

"Plumb in the middle of the back of the head and smack through the

brain. He was the best shot in India, and I expect that there are few

better in London. Have you heard the name?"

"No, I have not."

"Well, well, such is fame! But, then, if I remember right, you had not

heard the name of Professor James Moriarty, who had one of the great

brains of the century. Just give me down my index of biographies from

the shelf."

He turned over the pages lazily, leaning back in his chair and blowing

great clouds from his cigar.

"My collection of M's is a fine one," said he. "Moriarty himself is

enough to make any letter illustrious, and here is Morgan the poisoner,

and Merridew of abominable memory, and Mathews, who knocked out my left

canine in the waiting-room at Charing Cross, and, finally, here is our

friend of to-night."

He handed over the book, and I read:

MORAN, SEBASTIAN, COLONEL. Unemployed. Formerly 1st Bangalore Pioneers.

Born London, 1840. Son of Sir Augustus Moran, C. B., once British

Minister to Persia. Educated Eton and Oxford. Served in Jowaki Campaign,

Afghan Campaign, Charasiab (despatches), Sherpur, and Cabul. Author of


JUNGLE (1884). Address: Conduit Street. Clubs: The Anglo-Indian, the

Tankerville, the Bagatelle Card Club.

On the margin was written, in Holmes's precise hand:

The second most dangerous man in London.

"This is astonishing," said I, as I handed back the volume. "The man's

career is that of an honourable soldier."

"It is true," Holmes answered. "Up to a certain point he did well. He

was always a man of iron nerve, and the story is still told in India how

he crawled down a drain after a wounded man-eating tiger. There are some

trees, Watson, which grow to a certain height, and then suddenly develop

some unsightly eccentricity. You will see it often in humans. I have

a theory that the individual represents in his development the whole

procession of his ancestors, and that such a sudden turn to good or

evil stands for some strong influence which came into the line of his

pedigree. The person becomes, as it were, the epitome of the history of

his own family."

"It is surely rather fanciful."

"Well, I don't insist upon it. Whatever the cause, Colonel Moran began

to go wrong. Without any open scandal, he still made India too

hot to hold him. He retired, came to London, and again acquired an evil

name. It was at this time that he was sought out by Professor Moriarty,

to whom for a time he was chief of the staff. Moriarty supplied him

liberally with money, and used him only in one or two very high-class

jobs, which no ordinary criminal could have undertaken. You may have

some recollection of the death of Mrs. Stewart, of Lauder, in 1887.

Not? Well, I am sure Moran was at the bottom of it, but nothing could

be proved. So cleverly was the colonel concealed that, even when the

Moriarty gang was broken up, we could not incriminate him. You remember

at that date, when I called upon you in your rooms, how I put up the

shutters for fear of air-guns? No doubt you thought me fanciful. I knew

exactly what I was doing, for I knew of the existence of this remarkable

gun, and I knew also that one of the best shots in the world would be

behind it. When we were in Switzerland he followed us with Moriarty,

and it was undoubtedly he who gave me that evil five minutes on the

Reichenbach ledge.

"You may think that I read the papers with some attention during my

sojourn in France, on the look-out for any chance of laying him by the

heels. So long as he was free in London, my life would really not have

been worth living. Night and day the shadow would have been over me, and

sooner or later his chance must have come. What could I do? I could not

shoot him at sight, or I should myself be in the dock. There was no use

appealing to a magistrate. They cannot interfere on the strength of what

would appear to them to be a wild suspicion. So I could do nothing. But

I watched the criminal news, knowing that sooner or later I should get

him. Then came the death of this Ronald Adair. My chance had come at

last. Knowing what I did, was it not certain that Colonel Moran had done

it? He had played cards with the lad, he had followed him home from the

club, he had shot him through the open window. There was not a doubt of

it. The bullets alone are enough to put his head in a noose. I came

over at once. I was seen by the sentinel, who would, I knew, direct

the colonel's attention to my presence. He could not fail to connect

my sudden return with his crime, and to be terribly alarmed. I was sure

that he would make an attempt to get me out of the way AT once, and

would bring round his murderous weapon for that purpose. I left him an

excellent mark in the window, and, having warned the police that they

might be needed--by the way, Watson, you spotted their presence in that

doorway with unerring accuracy--I took up what seemed to me to be a

judicious post for observation, never dreaming that he would choose the

same spot for his attack. Now, my dear Watson, does anything remain for

me to explain?"

"Yes," said I. "You have not made it clear what was Colonel Moran's

motive in murdering the Honourable Ronald Adair?"

"Ah! my dear Watson, there we come into those realms of conjecture,

where the most logical mind may be at fault. Each may form his own

hypothesis upon the present evidence, and yours is as likely to be

correct as mine."

"You have formed one, then?"

"I think that it is not difficult to explain the facts. It came out in

evidence that Colonel Moran and young Adair had, between them, won a

considerable amount of money. Now, undoubtedly played foul--of that I

have long been aware. I believe that on the day of the murder Adair had

discovered that Moran was cheating. Very likely he had spoken to him

privately, and had threatened to expose him unless he voluntarily

resigned his membership of the club, and promised not to play cards

again. It is unlikely that a youngster like Adair would at once make a

hideous scandal by exposing a well known man so much older than himself.

Probably he acted as I suggest. The exclusion from his clubs would mean

ruin to Moran, who lived by his ill-gotten card-gains. He therefore

murdered Adair, who at the time was endeavouring to work out how

much money he should himself return, since he could not profit by his

partner's foul play. He locked the door lest the ladies should surprise

him and insist upon knowing what he was doing with these names and

coins. Will it pass?"

"I have no doubt that you have hit upon the truth."

"It will be verified or disproved at the trial. Meanwhile, come what

may, Colonel Moran will trouble us no more. The famous air-gun of Von

Herder will embellish the Scotland Yard Museum, and once again

Mr. Sherlock Holmes is free to devote his life to examining those

interesting little problems which the complex life of London so

plentifully presents."