How The Tricks Succeeded
When the medium picked up the envelope in which to place my paper,
there was within it a duplicate piece of paper folded the same, and
of the same size (one inch and a quarter by two inches) as the one
I had folded. He kept the face of this envelope opposite me so I
could not see that side of it. On the face of it was a horizontal
slit cut with a knife. This slit was about two inches long and was
situated about halfway down the face of the envelope. The
duplicate folded paper was placed vertically in the envelope at its
center, so that its center was located against the slit. This
piece of paper was held in position by a touch of paste at a point
opposite the slit, which caused it to adhere to the inside of the
back of the envelope.
When he picked up this prepared envelope with his left hand, he did
so with the slit side or face in his palm next to the fingers of
his left hand. This envelope lay slit side down before he picked
it up; so that I did not see the face of the envelope at all, and
he kept that side of the envelope from me during the entire trick.
The paper within the envelope had been placed far enough down so
that its top part was not exposed to my view. The envelope thus
appeared perfectly natural, as an ordinary one with nothing in it.
He thus held the envelope in his left hand, flap open wide, with
the back side of the envelope later to be sealed, facing me. Now
he really inserted my paper in this envelope with his right hand as
he took it from me; but in fact, he pushed it down just behind the
hidden slip of paper within the envelope. I mean that he inserted
it between the concealed slip and the face or slit side of the
envelope; and as he did this he caused the lower end of my slip of
paper to pass through the slit in the center of the front of the
envelope. The lower portion of my slip was thus out of the
envelope on its rear side, between the front of the envelope and
the fingers of his left hand; although I could see nothing of this.
He pushed it down so that the top still remained in view with the
bent corner exposed, and then sealed the flap over it.
Holding the envelope toward the window, he called to my notice the
fact that my paper was within, and that I could see it plainly. I
could see the shadow of the two papers, which appeared as one, and
thus his statement seemed correct. Of course he did not show me
the rear side OR FACE of the envelope, with my paper protruding,
which was immediately behind the duplicate, so that the shadow of
it was also the shadow of the duplicate.
This shadow also hid from my view the shadow of the slit. The
envelope was sealed fairly.
Now with his right hand he moved a small vessel on the table toward
himself. Then taking the envelope in his right hand, slit side
downward, he held it close to this vessel; at the same time with
his left hand he took a match from his pocket and proceeded to burn
the envelope. This move concealed the trick; and it was very
deceiving and cleverly done. As he took the envelope from his left
hand with his right hand, he, with his left fingers touching the
protruding portion of my slip, caused it to remain in his left hand
and to be drawn entirely out of the slit. His eyes followed the
envelope as his right hand took it; which naturally caused my eyes
to follow it, as his attention seemed centered on the envelope and
it appeared to occupy the stage of action. This move was executed
in a moment, not requiring any time worth mentioning, although it
takes so long to describe it on paper intelligibly. Now while his
eyes (and of course mine) followed the envelope, without pause his
left hand went into his left pocket in a natural manner to get the
match. He, of course, left my slip in his pocket with his surplus
matches; and when he retired for the drink of water, he read my
As to the slate trick, all was fair until he picked up the top
slate, wrote an automatic message, apparently read it aloud to me,
and then upon my informing him that the message did not answer my
question, he seemed dissatisfied, apparently erased the message,
and replaced the large slate on top of the stack of slates. What
he really did was to pick up the large top slate, bottom side
toward himself, and at the same time to carry with it a small slate
pressed tightly against its under side. He held the large slate
with its under side tilted from me, so I could not see this small
slate. There being so many small slates in the stack, the
temporary absence of one from the stack attracted no notice.
He kept this small slate next to him out of my view, and really
wrote the message on the small slate which was next to him, and
which was concealed from my view by the larger slate. He did not
read aloud what he had actually written, but merely pretended to do
so, repeating something entirely foreign to the subject instead.
What he had written really answered my question fully. When he
appeared to erase the message, his movements were but a pretense;
and he did not erase it at all. When he replaced the large slate
on the stack of slates, he, of course, replaced the small one which
was concealed under it, message side down.
It must be remembered that the operator, at the beginning of the
slate trick, first took up and examined the large slate a time or
so for a message; and finding none, seemed disappointed, and
finally wrote the automatic message; then on being informed that it
did not apply to the case, he seemed dissatisfied and appeared to
After the message was written and the slates replaced, he examined
the top slate a time or so, and even lifted off a few small slates
looking for writing, but did not turn them over; then seeing
nothing, he scattered the slates around on the table, leaving their
same sides downward; and handing me the cover, he requested me to
cover them and place my hands on them.
The trick was now practically done. As the slates had been
examined so many times and nothing found on them, even after the
automatic writing, the majority of persons would testify that there
was positively nothing on the slates when the medium left the
table. The majority of persons would never remember that he at one
time wrote on the large slate and erased it. The message being on
a small slate, and these being spread around, few would have known
that this message really appeared on the particular small slate
that was originally next the top of the stack.
Most people would have certified that they cleaned all of the
slates themselves, that the medium never touched any of the small
ones, and that he only laid his hands on top of the stack a few
times. Some would even forget that the medium handled their
writing at all before burning it.
I am sure that the nickeled tube that carried the dripping water
into the space over the glass bowl, had a second tube within it;
through which his assistant from the adjoining room either blew, or
sent by some mechanism, the chemicals (probably potassium) that
would take fire and burn on striking the water.
. . . . .
When I perform the slate trick described above, after writing the
"automatic" message, apparently erasing it, and replacing the
slates, I do not scatter the slates around on the table as this
medium did. Instead, I proceed as I will now describe.
We place our palms on the stack, and after a time examine the large
slate for a message, but find none. I may incidentally remark that
this last examination unconsciously verifies in the sitter's mind
the fact that I actually erased what I wrote "automatically."
I now look on some of the smaller slates for a message, but find
none. When I do this I do not turn these slates over and look on
their under sides, but merely take off the top slate to see if
there be a message on the upper surface of the one under it. I
merely remark, "Well, there is nothing on that slate," indicating
the second one from the top; and at the same time I drop the top
slate (now in my hand) on the table beside the stack. I
immediately take off the second slate and repeat this same
performance, dropping it on top of the first one. I keep on with
this performance until I have removed four or five of the slates,
and have them stacked in a second stack beside the first one. Then
seeming to grow discouraged, I remark, "I guess there is no
message"; and I replace the second stack on the first stack. This
places the message slate four or five slates down in the stack; as
the bottom slate of the second stack, being the top slate of the
original stack, is now the message slate.
I next up-edge the small slates and place a rubber band around them
placing them in the sitter's lap. I, of course, place what was the
top of the stack downward when I do so. As the stack is on the
side edges of the slates when I first up-edge them, I next bring
them upon the end edges, while I put the band in place. It is now
easy to place the stack of slates upon the sitter's lap with the
top slate down and to attract no notice to this fact. This is
because the position has been changed a time or so in placing the
band on; and I then take the stack in my hands by the edges of the
slates, and simply place what was the top side of the stack in the
beginning, at the bottom.
In due time I tell the subject to make an examination for a
message, and of course four or five slates down he finds a message
on the upper surface of one of the slates.
This seems very miraculous, as the slates have been so repeatedly
examined and nothing found. Finding the message on the upper
surface of a middle slate, where but a moment before there was
nothing, seems to be truly a marvel. The subject having cleaned
and stacked these slates himself, and having seen them examined so
many times, naturally feels impressed that the message comes by
some superhuman power.
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